We can imagine a community garden as a single piece of land that’s maintained and gardened by multiple people or groups of people. The land may be collectively owned, partly owned or a varied mix. They fulfil multiple objectives such as supply of fresh produce, physical or mental well being, and aesthetic pleasure.
The Food Desert Effect
Food deserts are areas that have limited access to affordable and, more importantly, nutritious food. They are the opposite of a “Food Oasis” which have abundance of nutrient rich food. Such food deserts leave their mark on the residential population of the area – they are ultimately less well nourished as opposed to the food oasis areas.
Role of community gardens in the Zero Waste approach and environmental benefit in general
• They provide fresh produce – increasing the nutritional intake of the people that subscribe to them.
• They can help fight one of the proposed effects of climate change – which is expected to be a global decline agricultural output. Such gardens can serve as local “hotspots” of food material.
• Break down of social alienation – the rapid urbanization has given rise to social alienation. People involved in garden projects come in direct contact with local people.
• Usage of compost – many people might not utilize the leftovers to create compost pits simply because they may not have any use for it. Engaging in community gardens gives them a reason to actively make compost.
• Reduction of pollution and throwables – availability of fresh food items locally means one is less likely to take trips to the grocery stores, ultimately meaning they use up fuel less often and there’s less bags and packaging to be got rid of.